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The Rachel Maddow Show

News/Business. (2013)

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Boston 25, Waltham 10, Us 9, U.s. 7, Angie 6, Dzhokhar Tsarnaev 6, Fbi 5, United States 5, Brendan 4, Pete Williams 3, Guantanamo Bay 3, Canada 3, Watertown 3, Cambridge 3, Guantanamo 2, Charmin Ultra Soft 2, Tamerlan Tsarnaev 2, Mr. Tsarnaev 2, Dave Cullen 2, Subaru 2,
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  MSNBC    The Rachel Maddow Show    News/Business.  (2013)  

    April 22, 2013
    9:00 - 10:00pm PDT  

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you got to be concerned about that. i think getting together with russia is good, although the bowling green steve cohn should talk about that. >> i think every member should read this book, jeremy scahill, author of "dirty wars" open tomorrow. emma gilligan and congressman cohen, thank you. that is "all in" for this evening. "the rachel maddow show" starts now. good evening. >> good evening, chris. thanks very much and thanks for staying with us the next hour. i have breaking news to give you right now. this is brand-new from nbc news. this is pete williams. several officials familiar with the initial interrogation of dzhokhar tsarnaev at the hospital in boston describe him as cooperative, a senior government official tells nbc news that tsarnaev has told them by writing some answers and by nodding yes or shaking his head no to others that he and his brother were not in touch with any overseas terrorists or groups. and that they conceived the bombing attack on their own, motivated he told them by religious fervor. they got their instructions on how to make bombs from the
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internet, he said, according to these officials. again, that is breaking news from just moments ago from pete williams at nbc news. we'll give you more on that as we learn it. today at beth israel medical center in boston, a federal court hearing was called to order in the hospital room. a federal magistrate judge came to the hospital along with the defense attorney and the prosecutor, and late this afternoon they released a transcript of the court hearing conducted right next to dzhokhar tsarnaev's hospital bed at the hospital. judge, i'll ask the doctor whether or not the patient is alert. you can rouse him. and the doctor says to the patient, how you feeling? are you able to answer some questions? the defendant nods affirmatively. then the clerk of the court says united states district court for the district of massachusetts is now in session. the honorable marianne b. bowler presiding, the case of u.s. versus tsarnaev will now be heard. will counsel please identify themselves for the record. and then the defense counsel and the prosecuting counsel identify themselves.
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they say good morning, your honor. the judge then asked the defense counsel you have had an opportunity to speak with your client? the answer is very briefly your honor. then the judge says to the patient/defendant, so you have your lawyers here. the defendant nods affirmatively. then it's the judge. mr. tsarnaev, i am magistrate judge bowler. this hearing is your initial appearance before the court. we're here because you have been charged in a federal complaint. at this hearing i will advise you of your constitutional and legal rights. i will tell you about the charges against you and the penalties that the court could impose if you are found guilty. you have been charged with one use of a weapon of mass destruction and malicious destruction of property resulting in death. the judge asks the prosecuting attorney what are the maximum penalties. the prosecutor tells her death or imprisonment for life or imprisonment for any term of years. and it's the judge again, speaking to the defendant.
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this is not a trial, and you will not be called upon to answer the charges at this time. if at any time i say something you do not understand, interrupt me and say so. is that clear? the defendant nods affirmatively. the judge, all right. i note that the defendant has nodded affirmatively. as a first step in this hearing, i'm going to tell you about your constitutional rights. you have the right under the constitution of the united states to remain silent. any statement made by you may be used against you in court, and you have the right not to have your own words used against you. you may consult with an attorney prior to any questioning, and you may have the attorney present during the questioning. counsel will be appointed without charge if you request not afford counsel. if you choose to make a statement or answer questions without the assistance of counsel you may stop answering at any time. this right means you do not have to answer any questions put to you by law enforcement agents or by the assistant u.s. attorney, mr. weinreb. the judge then says i want to make it clear you are not
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prohibited from making statements, but if you do, they can be used against you. you are not required to make a statement at this initial appearance, and any statement you do make may be used against you. finally, if i ask you any questions here in this hearing or at any future hearing which you think might incriminate you you have the right not to answer. do you understand everything i have said about the right to remain silent? the defendant nods affirmatively. the judge says you have the right to have this court assign counsel if you cannot afford counsel or if you cannot obtain counsel. can you obtain a lawyer? the defendant says no. and this is the first time we know that he can speak, because he does speak. he says just that one word. and apparently he says it with difficulty, because the judge responds by saying, let the record reflect that i believe the defendant has said no. i have provisionally appointed the federal defender to represent you in this matter. and then the prosecuting attorney asks for the young man to be detained pending trial given that he is in a hospital bed and can't move, the defense attorney says yes, that's no problem with us.
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we voluntarily agree to that and they all agree the defense lawyers can have access to their client pursuant to hospital regulations and that sort of thing. and they agree the next hearing will be may 30th, which is five and a half weeks from now at 10:00 in the morning. and then proceedings are adjourned at the hospital bed. that's the way we do it in this country, even if justice has to travel to you in your hospital bed as you recover from gunshot wounds to the head and the neck and the legs and the hand. the judge will come to you and the prosecutor, and you will get read your rights and be assigned a defense attorney if you cannot afford one, and you will be tried in court, in civilian court. you are nothing special. also today in american military court at mcchord south of tacoma, washington, today the worst fratricide incident of the whole iraq war resulted in a guilty plea. john russell plead guilty to shooting and killing five fellow servicemen, one navy commander and four fellow army soldiers.
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he was at a combat stress clinic in baghdad in may 2009 when he opened fire. it's the worst incident of americans killing other americans from the whole iraq war. he plead guilty today. also today in canada, the royal canadian mounted police held a press conference to announce the arrest of two men want one in toronto and one in montreal. they were allegedly part of a plot to derail a passenger train inside canada. police say the attack was not imminent. it was in the planning stages. two men were getting direction and guidance from al qaeda members abroad. also today, this news clear plant in eastern tennessee, the watts bar nuclear power plant returned to normal status this afternoon following what the tennessee valley authority called an unusual event late saturday night. the unusual event was a shoot-out on the grounds of the nuclear plant at about 2:00 a.m. on saturday night, sunday
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morning. security officer at the nuclear plant was doing a routine perimeter patrol when he came across somebody on the grounds of the plant. he confronted the individual, whereupon the individual shot at him multiple times. he did not hit the security officer himself, but the vehicle the security officer was in was struck multiple times. the nuclear plant security officer then returned fire there is no sign that he hit the intruder. the intruder subsequently disappeared, probably by boat down the tennessee river. they have not found him. and that's all just in today's news cycle. everybody freak out. there is no reason to believe that any of these stories are related to each other. in fact, if you had to bet, you would be wise to bet that none of them are related to each other. but this kind of news cycle, just today's news, is a reminder of the broad array of threats that law enforcement has to deal with. threats that fit somewhere into the matrix of terrorism might be terrorism and mass casualty
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events versus intended casualty events. just from those stories in today's news, the highest death toll is the soldier who shot and killed five other service members in baghdad there is no death toll or injuries in the nuclear plant shoot-out, but we worry than because we worry about where it happened. we worry about nuclear terrorism, about the vulnerability of american nuclear sites to people who would use nuclear material or radiation as a weapon. the plot in canada was interrupted by police before anybody was hurt. they were under surveillance for a year, apparently. but we worry in particular about that kind of plot, that kind of case because of the reported links to al qaeda abroad as an international terrorist organization with the proven track record of causing mass casualty events, including in the west. but in the case of the boston marathon bombing, we know that the death toll is four. we know the injury count is enormous, over 170 people, including many amputations and other serious injuries. but is it connected to something else, to someone else other than the two brothers who were accused of carrying it out? we know of no links thus far between the tsarnaev brothers
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and any terrorist organizations. they are of chechen ethnic origin, and chechen groups fighting for independence from russia have used terrorist tactics in the past, but no chechen group has taken responsibility for their actions. no group of any kind have taken responsible for their actions. in fact, several chechen militant groups have gone out of their way to deny any association with the bombing or with the brothers. there is some evidence of increasing religious radicalism by the older brother including videos posted online and a youtube play list that was maintained under his name, although we cannot be sure it was definitely his. that said, there is no evidence that we know of, signs that were evident to other people in advance of the bombing of that kind of growing radicalism in the younger brother, the one who is still alive, the one who had his court hearing at his hospital bed today. but, again, repeating the breaking news from just minutes ago, nbc news justice correspondent pete williams is reporting tonight that several
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officials familiar with the initial interrogation of the younger tsarnaev brother in the hospital describe him as cooperative. a senior government official saying he has told them by writing some answers and nodding yes or shaking his head no to others that he and his brother were not in touch with any overseas terrorists or groups. he says they conceived the bombing attack on their own, motivated he told them by religious fervor. he apparently, according to these officials, told his interrogators they got their instructions on how to make bombs from the internet. the fact that it is two suspects, these two brothers has led to comparisons to the d.c. snipers who killed ten people in 2002. in the d.c. sniper case, it was two assailants, and the older one, the grown man was seen as the initiator of the attacks and the dominant force behind them. the younger assailant who was 17 years old when the attacks occurred seemed to have again along with the older man, basically as a father figure. another reference point in terms of an attack conducted by two people is the columbine killings. this is another two-person
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attack. the columbine attack killed 13 people. and, again, in the case of columbine, you had one dominant personality who was seen as the driving force of the attacks. as dave cullen wrote at slate today, the older of the two boys, eric harris is the one who sought out the arms, collected the ammo, researched the big bombs they used, built all the pipe bombs, drew up the plans and diagrams, conducted the recon, calculated how to maximize the body count, cooked up batch after batch of failed napalm, and generally devised the plan. the other assailant at columbine, the younger one, mostly seems to have just gone along. after columbine, there was a long effort to try to figure out what might have motived that attack. there was what seems to have been a misguided focus on bullying as a possible motive for a long while. dave cullen's book on the massacre is called "columbine" mostly settled on a simpler truth that the dominant one between the two boys was clinically psychopathic.
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in terms of the d.c. snipers, if there was any coherent motive for committing the crimes, the motive has been obscured by time, by the incoherence by either suspect, by the fact that one has been executed now, and by frankly no one seeing it in the long run as the most important thing to discern or try to remember about those guys and what they did. and it's not strange that we don't have a clear handle on what the motive was in that attack. was there a motive in the aurora, colorado, movie theater shooting, the guy who dressed up as the joker and walked into the movie theater for the midnight showing and shot up the theater. did he have a motive? the tucson shooting that killed a federal judge and almost killed congresswoman gabby giffords, was there a motive in that case? the virginia tech massacre? the newtown massacre? we think of all those assailants as sick. but do we want to know beyond them being ill, beyond them being sick why they thought they were doing what they did? the unabomber, ted kaczynski was
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clearly sick. his motivation was environment or anti-technology. christopher dorner who terrorized the city of los angeles and killed four people, he did that apparently because of a grudge against the lapd, which was his former employer. the atlanta olympics bomber, he was an anti-abortion and anti-gay extremist. that's what motived the atlanta olympics bombing. the oklahoma city bombing was a militia-aligned racist. he had all sorts of anti-government motivations. how much should motive matter in responding to a mass casualty attack in the united states? does it only matter if that attack is tied to a larger group of organized people? and this we just experienced means he we should expect more attacks from those who have similarly motivated. the united states has claimed we are at war with a specific organization called al qaeda. but in the boston attack it turns out that as the initial interrogation report suggests, there was no operational relationship between al qaeda and the bombers, if no one assigned them this bombing, no one trained them or supplied
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them or supported their work, if it turns out that one or both of the bombers had a vaguely pro al qaeda feeling in his head that motivated him to do this on his own or on their own as brothers, then does this get treated any differently than the columbine attack, than the d.c. sniper-type attack? what is the strategic importance of knowing what motivated them? and how do law enforcement and good interrogators pull those threats? joining us now is ali soufan, a former fbi special agent who proved the first link between al qaeda and 9/11 after the first attacks. the book he wrote about his experience in the fbi is called "the black banners: the inside story of 9/11 and the war against al qaeda. great to have you here. >> it's great to be here again. thank you. >> when you heard the transcript of what happened at the bedside of the suspected bomber in boston today with him being read his rights, being advised he has the right to remain silent, as a former high level fbi interrogator, how does that sound to you? >> it sounds great. that's exactly how we should deal with these individuals.
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there is nothing special about them. they committed a crime, and they need to be punished for that crime. and this system, our federal system is one of the best systems in dealing with al qaeda, in dealing with terrorism. i'll give you an example. since 9/11 until today, we had probably about more than 165, 170 cases of terrorism disruption that happened in the united states. each one of these suspects were read their rights. each one of these suspects gave great amount of intelligence to the law enforcement and the intelligence communities that helped tremendously in understanding networks and disrupting plots, arresting other people. and then we were able to convict them in a court of law where they are in jail and probably they will never see the light of day again. so this is extremely important. this is also extremely important to counter narrative of al qaeda. >> in what way? >> because they wanted the people to look at them in the muslim world, that they are mujahedeen, they are doing something bigger than themselves.
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but you know what? they are not. they are nothing but criminals. look at omar abdel-rahman, the blind sheik. >> right. >> he is probably on the religious scale way higher than ayman al zawahiri. when he was arrested in court, not one muslim demonstration in the world came out in support. how many demonstrations we have in supporting bin laden's bodyguards and guantanamo. i think when we do it by the book, when we do it in accordance with our values, when we do it in accordance with our principle, we win. we win on every level. we counter the narrative, but also we have the ability to convict these individuals and bring justice to all the victims. today, for example, in guantanamo bay, we had hundreds of people who are still in custody in guantanamo bay. at one point we had more than 500, 600 people in guantanamo bay. we're able to convict only seven people.
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and most of them are back at their homeland. >> at the military tribunals? >> at the military tribunals. >> which was in session today, with, again, i don't want to describe it as a sketchy record, but a much less solid record than we've had in the federal criminal court. >> sure, absolutely. >> one of the things that this administration did early on, and the obama administrations continued a lot of the national security policies in the bush administration, to be clear. but they did establish this high value interrogation target group where we've got high value interrogation subjects, and they have a team that they keep very secret and under wraps that they sort of fly in to do, conduct the most important interrogations. and we have been told that they will be leading the interrogation of the boston suspect. how will that team approach interrogating this young man? >> i think they will do it like any fbi agent or any law enforcement individual will do it. these individuals are trained to collect intelligence from detainees. but also on the same time now we
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have a suspect who already was read his miranda rights. he already have a lawyer present. and i don't think that should affect any trained interrogator, any trained interviewer in doing their job. we have been doing this for many, many years. we did it against terrorist suspects, organized crimes, people who are charged with treason, spies, and it always worked, and it always gets the intended results. >> in terms of this breaking news that we've just got tonight. again, this is a senior government official saying that the initial interrogation of dzhokhar tsarnaev in his hospital bed, he says that he and his brother were not in touch with any overseas terrorists or groups. they conceived the attack on their own, motivated he told them by religious fervor. that's the language that i have been given. how -- how should that be
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approached in terms of strategically trying to unwind any threats that might exist beyond these young men? they're saying they acted alone. but presumably, the thing that made them want to do this could make other people want to do this as well. >> sure. and i think it's too early to predict at this point. i mean, the interrogation is still very early. this is probably the very first question. people change what they talk about when they are faced with more evidence. there is a lot of things going on at this point. so the interrogation is not the only venue where we're going to know what happened with these people. there is a lot of leads going internationally and probably inside the nation, a lot of interviews. we are probably working with the russians to know more about the trip of the older brother to dagestan where he stayed six months. who are the people he met with? who are the people he probably associated with? how was he recruited? there is probably leads are being sent to people who probably had some -- >> he was recruited. >> if he was recruited. >> they're not indicating that they were answering to anybody else.
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>> at this stage, at this stage they are not. but i think all the leads will be followed. and, you know, if they are not involved with anything, you need to also be worried about people who would like to copycat these kind of things. >> yeah. >> individuals who are frequenting the radical websites. you know, compare their visits to a radical websites to, for example, travel pattern. trying to put these things together. this is extremely important, because what we did so far, we tactically were able to weaken al qaeda tremendously. unfortunately, we haven't been doing much encountering the narrative, and we're seeing the narrative spreading around, especially on the internet. and i think this is -- this is one of the things that we have to focus on. >> in the way that we treat them in terms of responding to the attack shapes our side of that narrative. >> absolutely. >> ali soufan, author of "the black banners: the inside story of the war on terrorism inside al qaeda." ali, it's great to have you back. thank you so much for being here. >> thank you. great to be here. >> all right. we've got much more ahead on boston and on other matters. please stay with us.
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file this under something to keep an eye on as law enforcement keeps doing its work on the boston marathon bombing last week. an initial caveat here. nobody has any idea if this is connected to the boston bombing suspects or not. but you should know about this in case it is. it is currently an unsolved triple murder in the boston area. it turns out that unsolved triple murder has an odd and
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seemingly coincidental connection to one of the two bombing suspects, to the older brother who was killed late thursday night in a shoot-out with police. again, file this under one to know about, although we do not know if they're connected. here is what we do know. this is a map of the greater boston area. boston proper of course is where the boston marathon bombings took place last week. cambridge is where the main suspects in this case had been living, the tsarnaev brothers. watertown right next door to cambridge was the scene of the mass shoot utah with police that took place on thursday night. watertown is where the younger of the two suspects was found hiding in a boat late on friday night. right next to watertown is a city called waltham. waltham is a education hub in the boston area. in september 2011, so about a year and a half ago, waltham was the site of a really grisly murder. it was a triple murder that took place in a quiet residential neighborhood on a dead-end street. >> sources tell news center 5
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the victims, men all in their late 20s or early 30s were stabbed to death with a knife or possibly an ice pick, and drugs were involved. the triple homicide is a major shock in this quiet neighborhood, home to many families. investigators worked through the night, collecting evidence. they towed away this mercedes, which may hold some answers to this murder mystery. >> they went to the second floor and saw a very graphic crime scene. there were three dead bodies in the apartment. it does look like the assailants and the decedents did know each other. >> so quiet neighborhood in the boston area, three men dead, no immediate suspects, but investigators believe that the killer or killers knew the victims. again, this was september 2011. a year and a half later now, there have still been no arrests in this case. the triple murder is still an open investigation. two of the three victims in the murder were young men who lived nearby in cambridge, mass. the third victim was the third person whose apartment that was in waltham, a 25-year-old named brendan mess.
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it was brendan mess's girlfriend who arrived home and found the three dead bodies and the apartment covered in blood. brendan mess was a local mixed martial arts fighter. he became friend with another man his same age who was a boxer, a really good boxer, a boxer named tamerlan tsarnaev. and some of the first reporting on tamerlan tsarnaev that came out late last week after the bombing, the murder of his close friend brendan mess was described as really the only tragedy that we knew of his life in america. it was described as maybe one of the turning points in his life. but that murder is not solved. the thing that was notable about that crime in waltham, that triple murder, obviously it was notable. it was an unsolved triple murder. that itself is notable.
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but the other thing notable about this crime is it was a particularly brutal crime scene. these were three, fit, capable young men killed with stabbing injuries to their necks. and this murder was apparently drug-related, but not in the way that drug-related crimes are usually drug-related. >> there was a girl running out of the house, saying there is blood everywhere. and there is like marijuana all over the bodies apparently. >> marijuana all over the bodies. one of the three victims in that murder had been charged with marijuana possession and the intent to distribute a few years earlier. but this has always been one of the strangest details about this crime. a drug-related murder usually means that drugs were stolen, drugs were fought over in some way. and maybe that did happen there in that apartment in waltham as well. but it has always been a strange detail of that crime that marijuana was left strewn all over the bodies, and $5,000 in cash was left at the scene untouched. again, nobody has any idea of this unsolved triple murder in
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waltham is connected to the boston marathon bombing suspects other than the reported and possibly totally coincidental close friendship between the older of the two bombing suspects and one of the men who was killed in that murder. in terms of the drug-related murder and the pot angle, this thread of connection, if there is anything here is a gossamer thread. but drugs have come up in reporting over the last week in terms of understanding how the bombing suspects lived. one of the things reported since the bombings about tamerlan tsarnaev, the older one, is that at some point in recent years as he got more and more religious, he began to turn against drinking and smoking and against smoking pot in particular. his mother said he began to push those beliefs on his family members as well. tamerlan's younger brother dzhokhar, the other suspect, college friends who knew him say that he suddenly turned against marijuana over the last year after having smoked a lot of it regularly up until then. >> for people who knew him, there were no warning signs. andrew describes an average
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college sophomore who played intramural soccer, enjoyed fifa soccer video games, and smoked a lot of marijuana. >> about how often do you think he was doing it? >> probably every day. >> but you said this year you didn't see him smoking pot as much? >> no i think -- he told me from one of our conversations, he was like oh, i don't smoke anymore. >> we have two brothers, both of whom have recently sworn off marijuana, and we have a triple murder that appears to be somehow related to drugs in which marijuana has been spread over the three dead bodies at the crime scene, and $5,000 cash is left untouched. and, again, nobody knows if there is a connection beyond the coincidental connection between the two crimes, beyond the friendship between one of the victims and one of the bombing suspects. locally, there are new questions being raised about that murder in the waltham press. questions being raised by people who have been involved in that investigation. the possible connection between the older suspect in the bombing case and the unsolved murder in waltham went national today with the website buzzfeed running a
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very provocative piece on it. in terms of any official response, the middlesex district attorney's office, who has been investigating the waltham murder, it's interesting. they're not shooting down the idea that there could be a connection. they're sort of saying the minimum they can say at this point without saying much. but they are saying they're looking into a possible connection. they are checking for any connections between tamerlan tsarnaev and this unsolved triple murder. the connections between these two crimes may be coincidental. there is no reason at this point to say there is more. but as the d.a. looks into this further, watch this space. the humble back seat. we believe it can be the most valuable real estate on earth. ♪
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simply stated, there is no doubt that saddam hussein now has weapons of mass destruction. there is no doubt that he is amassing them to use against our friends, against our allies, and against us. >> not true, it turns out. when it comes to understanding what dick cheney was falsely alleging there, there is really no doubt what he was alleging, right? wmds, chemical weapons, biological weapons, that's what weapons of mass destruction means, right? why did the boston marathon bomber suspect get accused of wmds? there is an explanation coming up. ♪
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to define it, no problem, even though it's a technical term. you would be able to define it because we heard it defined over and over and over again by politicians and the media. >> but we also have to address the question of where might these terrorists acquire weapons of mass destruction, chemical weapons, biological weapons, and nuclear weapons. the al qaeda organization is absolutely determined to do everything they can to acquire chemical, biological, and nuclear weapons. >> there is no question that we have evidence and information that iraq has weapons of mass destruction, biological and chemical particularly. >> this administration and the last administration and several other countries all agreed that they had chemical and biological weapons, and that they had programs relating to nuclear weapons that they were reconstituting. >> saddam hussein has gone to elaborate lengths, spent enormous sums taking great risks to build and keep weapons of mass destruction, with nuclear arms, a full arsenal of chemical and biological weapons. >> even if you believe nothing else they said at the time, if we learned one thing from our elected officials during the run-up to the iraq war, it was that the term "weapons of mass
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destruction" means three things. it means nukes, the whole smoking gun is going to be a mushroom cloud kind of thing. it means chemical weapons like u.n. start gas or vx. and biological weapons. if you ask the military if they agree with that definition of wmd that was laid out for years by the american government when they were trying to make the case for going to war in iraq. nuclear or biological weapons capable of causing high mass casualties according to the u.s. military. in other words, this. the fbi, though, has a different definition. they define wmd differently. the fbi definition of a weapon of mass destruction covers some of the same stuff as the defense department definition, but it also adds this part. so nuclear or chemical or biological, or any destructive device as defined in section 921 of this title, ie explosive
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device. go to section 921. it defines a destructive device as any explosive incendiary, explosion or poison gas, bomb, a charge of more than four ounces, a missile with more than one quarter ounce, a mine, or a device similar to any of the devices as described in the preceding clauses. that's a whole different definition. a grenade or a bomb is not the same as a nuclear weapon. and it is strange that different agencies in our government define weapons of mass destruction so differently. the defense department actually did a study on all the various ways we use what sounds like a term of art, what sounds like a very specific thing. they found more than 50
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definitions, with some official standing in the united states and elsewhere. well, the suspect in the boston bombings was charged today from his hospital bed. in the case of united states of north america versus dzhokhar tsarnaev, the offense listed first is use of a weapon of mass destruction. mr. tsarnaev is being charged with the federal crime of using a weapons of mass destruction, but may mean it the way the fbi defines it, not as the military does. this does not mean that he had access to a chemical, biological, or nuclear device. it means that he used something that blew up. dzhokhar tsarnaev is a u.s. citizen. he will be tried in a civilian court. as of this evening, a senior official tells msnbc news that he can be described thus far in his initial interrogation at the hospital as cooperative. joining us now for the interview tonight is a former acting solicitor general of the united states, professional of national security law georgetown. he successfully argued the case of hamdan versus rumsfeld. professor neal katyal, it's great to have you here. thank you very much for your time. >> thanks for being here. >> so the difference between wmds as a military matter and wmds as a criminal matter, for me it's kind of a reminder of the parallel systems we have in
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the country for handling different threats. is there any reason that we should see the investigation and the potential trial of the boston marathon bombing suspect as appropriate to send through a military path rather than a civilian path? >> absolutely not. and i do think that the administration took the wise course here. i mean, for many years, we've been hearing a lot of tough talk about send people to guantanamo. put them in military commissions. we now have a track record. and that track record doesn't look too good for those kinds of military systems. they haven't worked. i mean, they've only convicted a few people. the few convictions that have happened have been reversed on appeal by very conservative judges in our federal courts system. so i think the obama administration wisely said well, we have this existing criminal
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justice system. it's worked really well. it's detained and incarcerated hundreds of terrorists. why reinvent the wheel when we have something that works really well. >> the breaking news that we had in this case this hour, at least into the investigation of this case this hour is that a senior government official told nbc news tonight that in the initial interrogation at the hospital, the suspect said that he and his brother learned bomb-making on the internet. they were not in touch with any terrorist groups overseas, and that they were motivated by religious fervor. i don't know where they learned bomb-making on the internet, and i don't know why they came to believe that religious fervor should equal bombing the boston marathon. but does the fact that the u.s. government says we are at war with al qaeda factor into this case at all given what we know about this case thus far? >> well, not as of yet. it may turn out to be that they are members of al qaeda or something like that. but right now, based on that initial interrogation, there isn't that. and in order to send someone to
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guantanamo and use a military commission, the person has to be a non-u.s. citizen, and of course the suspect here is a u.s. citizen. so this kind of talk has been thrown around. but there is no realistic possibility that this is a viable option. and as i say, as a practical matter, it's really something that has failed. i'm now in the private sector. and if i -- if someone came to me with a track record of the guantanamo military commissions, i think they would be fired, you know, at the get-go. >> one of the decisions that has been made thus far is that dzhokhar tsarnaev was mirandized today at his initial court appearance when the judge and the defense attorney came to him. but this apparently was after he had responded to questions from investigators before he was read his rights. the administration is citing the public safety exemption from the miranda warning as being the justification for asking him questions before he had a right to remain silent. is that public safety exemption being applied within the spirit of that exemption, or are they stretching it here? >> absolutely. i do think it's being applied appropriately. and that's part of the overall point that i was saying.
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the criminal justice system is very flexible and not as brittle as what the critics say and the reason why you have to go to a military system or something like that. the supreme court in 1984 in new york versus quarles says there was a broad public safety exception in cases of imminent threat. and this is if there is ever going to be an exemption that qualifies, this is that type of one. and the administration, you know, i think it's important to say, wisely i think, you know, said they got their interrogation, they did what they needed to do. now they have read him his rights and the trial can proceed in the way that trials do all the time. as you were saying in your set piece a few minutes ago, this is the way we do things in this country. justice comes to you, even if you're in a hospital bed. we don't need to send you to guantanamo, boston bomber, in order to try you. we have the tools, the techniques, the prosecutors and everything we need right here 20 do it. >> neal katyal at georgetown university law school, thank you very much for your time tonight. you are exactly the guy i wanted to talk to. i appreciate it.
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>> thank you very much. >> i will say in terms of that public safety exemption to the miranda, i don't know if we will ever find out what the questions were that they asked him before they mirandized him. but if they're claiming it was within the public safety exemption, i kind of want to know what the questions were. i kind of want the know if they weren't using that as an excuse to get at him before they read him his rights. because that's not what the public safety exemption is supposed to be. who knows if we'll ever know. we'll be right back. come here, boy. ♪ there you go. come on, let's play!
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i think the most important thing to consider right now is that all the patients are first alive and second are in rather stable condition. i am more confident than i was in the morning that no further life would be lost. >> one week ago tonight when we came on the air only hours after the boston marathon bombing, we knew three people were confirmed dead in the initial attack. three people killed instantaneously or nearly instantaneously as a result of wounds suffered at the bombing on monday. at this hour right now, three people killed in two bombings, is exactly the same. three. one police officer was later shot and killed at m.i.t., allegedly by the bombing suspects, but that was a completely different incident days later, not the bombing. at the bombing itself, three people were killed in the bombs.
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more than 170 wounded in bombings, all of them are still alive tonight. one week later, hospital officials say all of them appear likely to survive. we know the injuries they suffered in the bombing, witnessed it at the scene. limbs severed, shrapnel wounds. to see the streets of boston's back bay, forgive me, literally washed in blood, and to have nobody else die other than three people killed instantly, that is a miracle. that's a tribute to boston's world class medical care, to emts who triaged at the scene and distributed wounded among the level one trauma centers so no one center would be overwhelmed. a tribute to doctors and nurses who on days off flooded to work when they heard the first reports. many have been in operating rooms ever since, operating in some cases on the same patient two or three times.
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amputations are not one operation deals, they're complicated, multipart surgeries as doctors have been willing to explain to us calmly and firmly in their medical briefings. today we learned that the transit officer shot and wounded pursuing the suspects arrived at the hospital in far worse shape than we had previously known. this is richard donahue. he exchanged gunfire before he was shot in the right thigh. doctors say that bullet severed his femoral vein. his heart had stopped beating, they started to resuscitate him. by the time he got to the er, he had lost essentially all his blood. he was given transfusions to replace it. stopped the bleeding in the thigh, saved his leg, restarted his heart after 45 minutes. his doctors expect him to walk again. and a fellow cop that visited him today said officer donahue
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was already breathing on his own. here is how they describe what they managed to pull off. all i feel is joy, whoever came in alive stayed alive. whoever came in alive, stayed alive. more than 170 people. just astonishing. we had never used a contractor before and didn't know where to start.
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planet after you, but today, the 17-year-old had a chance to show it to the president of the united states. >> is it working yet? >> yeah, actually about two minutes ago. >> i heard. up until two minutes ago? >> i had it to shake your hand. it was. i had it come up and shook your hand. >> it is working. >> oh, definitely, yeah. >> works on it for years, wins the prize, two minutes before the president sees it, it breaks down. the president told the young man he ought to show it to the pentagon super secret gadget lab, possibly the coolest place to work in government if you're a scientist or engineer. he will be interning at nasa this summer, has his own robotics company and head of nih asked for his e-mail at the science fair. he is 17 years old. the white house science fair is not typical science fair where
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kids compete against each other. brings together young americans who won honors elsewhere, gives them a chance to show their brain power to the leader of the free world. innovative ways to detect cancer, using bikes to make contaminated water drinkable, bio fuel made from algae grown under a 17-year-old girl's bed. some of the projects are interesting. a robot that paints with water colors. some fill more than one need. three boys, second, third, fourth graders from georgia came up with a way to keep football players from overheating in practice. shoulder pads with a built in cooling system, activated by sensors that track your body heat. a practical project with side benefit of providing cool and nerdy sports and science, a point they wanted to emphasize today to the president. >> we want to let all kids know they can be awesome

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